Ecological network

The ecological network of the Republic of Croatia represents the areas of the EU ecological network Natura 2000 and it has significant conservation areas for birds and conservation areas important for species and habitat types.

The ecological network in the area of the municipality of Lastovo and the “Lastovo Islands” Nature Park covers areas important for wild taxa and habitat types and internationally important bird areas.

Although the Adriatic is equally wide throughout its length and the flight of birds goes in a wide front, there appear to be parts where the flight is more intense. The Lastovo-Palagruža-Pelješac corridor is important for large striking flocks of non-seabird species that migrate over the Adriatic. The data indicates that this is an area of the so called “bottleneck” for the flight of some species of birds of prey and cranes. During the flight, the birds are concentrated over the peninsula Gargano (Italy) -Palagruža-Lastovo-Pelješac-Rilić. For example, this is a resting spot for more than 700 European honey buzzards and over a thousand cranes. There are also many well-known and widespread coastal bird species: grebes, shags, seagulls, mergansers, and terns. In addition to this, seabird species are also characteristic for this area. For the one the seabird species in the Procellariidae family, yelkouan shearwater (Puffinus yelkouan), it is certain that they nest on the isle of Zaklopatica in the Lastovo archipelago, and today the total population is estimated to less than 100 couples.

The WWF (World Wildlife Fund) has declared the Nature Park as one of the ten last treasuries of biodiversity in the Mediterranean Sea; this has been greatly contributed by the diversity of marine habitats and taxa. In particular, the coraligenic community and community of meadows of posidonia housing numerous taxa are especially noteworthy, and their features offer great services to the ecosystem – hatcheries, sea basin stabilization, oxygen production, etc.